CPUC Ruling Improves a Key Grid Transparency Tool for Siting Renewables, Energy Storage
San Francisco, California—On Wednesday, January 27, the California Public Utilities Commission ordered several key improvements to the Integration Capacity Analysis, a valuable grid transparency tool. IREC, which filed the Motion requesting the changes adopted in this ruling, commends the Commission for requiring that the analysis be improved so that it serves as a vital tool for siting a wide range of distributed energy resources in California.
Integration Capacity Analysis (ICA), called hosting capacity analysis in other states, is a process of modeling conditions on the distribution grid that impact where additional distributed energy resources (DERs), like solar or energy storage, can be added without the need for costly upgrades and/or lengthy interconnection studies. The resulting maps can be critical tools for enabling more efficient and cost effective deployment of clean energy and energy storage. While California utilities’ ICA maps are the most advanced in the country, there were some significant gaps in early versions that needed to be remedied to ensure their usability.
“Integration Capacity Analysis (ICA) is a proven tool that optimizes the design of new solar installations allowing more solar to be installed. This order requires utilities to ensure it also helps optimally site electric vehicle chargers and other new load sources,” said Larry Sherwood, IREC President and CEO. “If California is going to meet its ambitious climate goals, utilities must quickly facilitate customers’ use of solar, electric vehicles, energy storage, and electric heat. IREC commends the Commission’s decision, which will help facilitate the efficient electrification of the transportation and building sectors.”
“If California is going to meet its ambitious climate goals, utilities must quickly facilitate customers’ use of solar, electric vehicles, energy storage, and electric heat.” — Larry Sherwood, IREC President and CEO
The ruling by the CPUC establishes new requirements to improve the accuracy and usefulness of ICA maps going forward. These include requiring investor-owned utilities (IOUs) to:
- identify changes to enable the ICA results to aid customers seeking to add electric vehicle charging stations or reduce their use of natural gas in buildings,
- reduce how much data they redact from their ICA maps,
- improve their ICA data validation practices to avoid the presence of undetected errors,
- and more broadly engage in a process of continuing improvements to ICA.
ICA can be useful both for showing where new generation (such as rooftop solar) can be added to the grid, as well as where new load (i.e., electricity demand, such as electric vehicle charging stations) can be accommodated. The CPUC’s decisions this week are particularly noteworthy for requirements that will make ICA more useful in showing the capacity of the grid to host new load.
Due to problems in initial ICA maps released by California’s IOUs, they were not useful for this purpose. The maps showed the distribution grid to be significantly more constrained in its ability to host new load than it actually is. In its ruling, the Commission reaffirmed its intent that ICA should be useful for siting new load and required utilities to take steps to remedy these issues. Specifically, the IOUs must make a filing describing the methodology, inputs, and assumptions of the load ICA; these will then be refined through workshops and public comment.
Another key element of the decision related to data redaction. The CPUC has previously established redaction rules to protect customer information; however, earlier ICAs redacted more information than was necessary to protect customers’ privacy. In particular, San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E) omitted the locations of substations and large portions of its map appeared blank because SDG&E redacted more than is allowed under the CPUC’s rules. The CPUC order confirmed that SDG&E redacted too much information and required IOUs to publish the location of transmission lines.
Finally, the CPUC ordered a number of other changes designed to make ICA results more useful. The order requires a process of continuing improvements, and establishes requirements for data validation. The improvements include requiring better search and query functionality, publishing downloadable map files, updating user guides when map functionality changes, and displaying other useful information in the ICA maps. The CPUC also required the IOUs to file better data validation plans, and to hire an independent technical expert to review ICA data validation plans, identify best practices, and suggest improvements.
“The Commission’s order requires utilities to show more useful information, including the location of substations and transmission lines, on the ICA map, and add search tools that make the ICA map easier to use,” said Yochi Zakai, Attorney at Shute, Mihaly & Weinberger LLP, which represented IREC in this regulatory proceeding. “We also applaud the Commission’s decision to hire an independent expert to recommend a more robust data validation process.”
The motion requesting the changes that the CPUC responded to in this ruling was filed jointly by IREC, the California Solar & Storage Association (CALSSA), and California Energy Storage Alliance (CESA), on October 9, 2020.
These decisions are a win for clean energy consumers and businesses in California, and the resulting ICA improvements will help accelerate the state’s progress toward its ambitious climate goals.
These decisions are a win for clean energy consumers and businesses in California, and the resulting ICA improvements will help accelerate the state’s progress toward its ambitious climate goals. The adoption of ICA best practices in this ruling also provides a valuable model for other states seeking to use this tool to enable more efficient and cost-effective deployment of solar, energy storage, electric vehicles and other DERs.