A systematic program plan refers to the documented process for creating or revising educational programs, workshops, or courses. Instructional systems design (ISD) is one example of a systematic program planning process. It is deﬁned as the systematic design, development, implementation, and evaluation of instructional materials, lessons, courses, or curricula to improve student learning and teaching efﬁciency.
An ISD model based on analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation (ADDIE) has been used successfully to design and develop instruction in the renewable energy ﬁeld. To learn more about instructional systems design and ADDIE models, go to the Solar Energy Education and Training Best Practices document on Developing a Quality Course.
Figure 1 shows the progression of systematic planning from a generic concept to a speciﬁc instructional design model.
All ISD models are holistic, rather than linear, and have interconnected and interdependent parts that must work together to be successful. One depiction of an ADDIE model is shown in Figure 2 below.
- Analysis – determining whether training is needed and who your students are
- Design – determining the outcomes of a training or education program by writing learning objectives and constructing criterion-referenced tests
- Development -planning and producing the learning activities and strategies that will be used during a course
- Implementation – presenting the course to students using the media and strategies designed during the development process
- Evaluation – determining whether or not the course was successful as presented